South-East Asia Energy Data 2014


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Total energy consumption has increased by 4% in ASEAN region in 2013

58%
Share of Thailand + Indonesia in ASEAN

News

  • 28/06/2017
    Thailand's state-held company PTT sets up a global LNG unit
  • LNG - Natural Gas - Market

    The Thai state-held oil and gas company PTT, the sole LNG importer in Thailand, has created PTT Global LNG Company, a global LNG trading and marketing business unit. It will be a joint venture between PTT (50%) and its subsidiary PTTEP Business Center Company (50%).



    PTT is looking forward to expanding Thailand's LNG import capacity and has several ongoing projects such as the expansion of the Map Ta Phut LNG import terminal, which is expected to upgrade the current 5 Mt/year capacity up to 11.5 Mt/year upon completion in 2019. PTT has received official approval for the project and is also looking for a further expansion of the terminal. Ma Ta Phut LNG is the sole LNG terminal in Thailand but the construction of a second 7.5 Mt/year LNG import terminal is also planned.



    PTT has recently signed a 15-year LNG supply contract (1.2 Mt/year) with Malaysian oil and gas company Petronas, on top of existing LNG supply agreements with BP, Shell and Qatargas. A 20-year LNG supply deal was signed with BP in 2016 (1 Mt/year). The Thai company is also seeking new long-term suppliers in Australia, North America and Africa; its E&P subsidiary PTTEP holds an 8.5% stake in the Rovuma Offshore Area 1 project in Mozambique, where a 12 Mt/year LNG production plant is under consideration.

    Source(s): International PressPTT Press Release
  • 26/06/2017
    PetroVietnam will invest in 9 gas-fired plants projects (Vietnam)
  • Investments - Projects

    PetroVietnam Power Corporation (PV Power), a wholly owned subsidiary of Vietnam's national oil company PetroVietnam, plans to start the construction of 9 gas-fired power plants with a total expected output of 5,200 MW.



    The nine plants are as follows: Kien Giang-1 & Kien Giang-2, Nhon Trach-3 & Nhon Trach-4, Mien Trung-1 & Mien Trung-2, Son My-2.1, Son-My-2.2 and Son My-2.3. They will receive gas supplies from the Lô B Ô Môn and Ca Voi Xanh fields and will be feed from imported gas. The power they will produce is expected to be delivered in the Southern region, where power demand has been rising by 11% on a yearly basis.



    The main investor in the 9 projects will remain PetroVietnam, not the subsidiary. However, PV Power has asked for permission to become the main investor for the Nhon Trach-3 and 4 projects. Both are expected to cost US$1.4bn and PV Power is expected to obtain 20% of the total capital. For the 7 other projects, the investment is supposed to come from capital increases or by calling for more stakeholders.



    PV Power is Vietnam's second largest power producer after Electricity of Vietnam (EVN) and the company delivered 21 TWh to the national grid in 2016. Apart from the 9 gas-fired projects, PV Power plans to invest in 4 greenfield coal-fired plants projects as well.

    Source(s): National Press
  • 26/06/2017
    Thailand will award the Bongkot and Erawan fields in 2018
  • Natural Gas - Oil - Chevron - Total - Companies - Policy - Tender

    The government of Thailand will announce the terms for the auction for the Erawan and Bongkot offshore gas fields in July or August 2017 and will announce the winners in February 2018. If the auction fails to attract bidders, the government will negotiate extensions with the existing holders of the concessions, namely Chevron and PTTEP, which will be allowed to bid in the auction.



    The Erawan gas concession is currently operated by Chevron and is set to expire in 2022. The Bongkot gas concession is operated by the Thai oil and gas group PTT Exploration and Production (PTTEP, part of the PTT Group) with a 44.445% interest, in partnership with Total (33.333%) and will expire in 2023. The Erawan and Bongkot fields jointly produce 62 mcm/d (23 bcm/year) of gas, accounting for ore than 3/4 of gas production in the Gulf of Thailand.



    In May 2017, PTTEP has already announced that it would bid for the extension of the two concessions.

    Source(s): International Press
  • 23/06/2017
    EVN coal imports from Indonesia are expected to increase (Vietnam)
  • Coal - Coal - Coal/Lignite - Electricity - Thermal - Electricity of Vietnam - Companies - Supply - Trade

    Vietnam's national power utility Electricity of Vietnam (EVN) plans to import 5 Mt of coal from Indonesia in 2017, 11 Mt in 2020 and 19 Mt by 2025. These volumes will be used mostly for power generation, in particular for the Duyen Hai 3 coal-fired power plant, the first one which will use imported coal. In the future, the demand will be driven by the Vinh Tan, Duyen Hai 3 and 4 power plant expansion projects.



    EVN will be the main user of foreign imported coal but other thermal power plants and companies such as Petrovietnam (PVN) and Vinacomin are also expected to use imported coal from Indonesia.



    This announcement fits in the framework of the “Vietnam Coal Industry Development Planning to 2020 and project till 2030”, which foresees the domestic coal demand for domestic production to reach about 75 Mt in 2020. The domestic production is expected to meet only about 50% of the demand, which means that imported coal volumes are expected to increase. The main foreign providers are currently Australia, Russia and Indonesia.

    Source(s): National Press
  • 22/06/2017
    Vietnam plans to restructure EVN business units over 2017-2020
  • Electricity - Electricity of Vietnam - Companies - Policy

    The Vietnamese authorities have approved a project to restructure Electricity of Vietnam (EVN) over the 2017-2020 period.



    EVN is Vietnam's state-held company and is in charge of domestic electricity generation, transmission, distribution and trading. The company will remain state-held and the new plan aims to restructure its business units in order to improve its efficiency.



    EVN will hold 100% of the National Power Transmission Corporation, the Northern Power Corporation, the Southern Power Corporation, the Central Power Corporation, Ha Noi Power Corporation, the Ho Chi Minh City Power Corporation and the National Load Dispatch Center. It will hold more than 50% of the power engineering consulting joint stock company 1 and 2, the Power Generation Corporation 1,2,3 and the Vinh Tan 3 Energy Joint Stock Company. EVN will withdraw from the capital of other engineering and financial subsidiaries.



    More generally, the Vietnamese government intends to reform Vietnam power sector until 2025 and for this purpose, all generating companies (GenCos) will be equitized under the state-held EVN, Petrovietnam (PVN) and Vinacomin (mining conglomerate). At least 51% of the GenCos has to be detained by one of the three aforementioned conglomerates and have to carry out the new power plant projects according to the Vietnam Power Planning VII.

    Source(s): National PressNational Press II
  • 20/06/2017
    Indonesian government plans to reduce domestic power tariff
  • Electricity - Policy

    The Indonesian Energy and Resources Minister announced that the government will reduce electricity tariffs. For this purpose, the government will not introduce any price hikes by the end of 2017 and will also increase the efficiency of the state-held firm Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN).



    The government also announced the revocation of the subsidy for 900-VA subscribers (about 4.5 million customers) but not for 450-VA subscribers, which are subsidies based on TNP2K data. The rationale behind the subsidies lift is to encourage the equal distribution of electricity throughout the country and use the funds in order to increase the electrification of rural areas.



    Previously, the 900-VA household customers had tariff increases in January 2017, in March 2017 and in May 2017. It went from IRup 605/kWh (US$4c) up to IRup 791/kWh in January. In March, the tariff was raised again to IRup 1034/kWh, and in May, the price went up to IRup 1352/kWh (US$10c). There was an increase planned up to IRup 1467/kWh for July but it is now cancelled.

    Source(s): National Press
  • 13/06/2017
    China Huadian joins Blackgold's 600 MW coal-fired project in Indonesia
  • Coal - Electricity - Thermal - China Huadian - Companies - Projects

    BlackGold Natural Resources and Chinese power group China Huadian have set up a joint venture for the development, construction, operation and maintenance of a 600 MW coal-fired power plant in Riau province in Sumatra (Indonesia). The consortium has take part to the bidding process opened by Indonesian state-owned company PT PLN.



    The project would consist of two 300 MW units and would burn coal supplied by Blackgold. China Huadian would be the EPC contractor and the operations and maintenance contractor. The cost of the project remains to be determined.

    Source(s): Blackgold press release
  • 12/06/2017
    TTC Group plans 1 GW of solar projects in Vietnam
  • Electricity - PV - Renewables - Solar - Projects

    Vietnamese industrial conglomerate TTC Group plans to invest up to US$1bn in developing ten to twenty solar parks with a cumulated capacity of up to 1 GW by 2018. Its sugar subsidiary TTC Sugar would develop 200 MW of solar projects, while another subsidiary, Gia Lai Electricity, would develop another 800 MW. The group is currently in discussions with banks and financial institutions to finance the projects; TTC Group would fund 30%.



    Vietnam's new feed-in tariff and draft power purchase agreement (PPA) templates are raising interest for solar projects, especially in a context of rapidly increasing electricity demand: power consumption could double by 2025 and up to US$74bn could be invested in new coal-fired, gas-fired, wind, solar and hydropower plants by this date.

    Source(s): International pressInternational press II
  • 09/06/2017
    Philippines consider US$2bn LNG import terminal by 2020
  • LNG - Natural Gas - Projects

    The Department of Energy of the Philippines expects to replace depleting domestic gas reserves with a US$2bn LNG import, storage and distribution terminal. The LNG project could include a 200 MW power plant, helping the Philippines raise its installed capacity by more than 43.7 GW by 2040.



    Domestic gas resources, mainly the Malampaya gas field, supply around 20% of the country's power generation and are expected to be depleted as early as 2024. An LNG import terminal would then be required by 2020, to ensure gas supply to the power sector and meet rising electricity demand. According to DOE's estimates, electricity consumption could triple by 2040, when they will be four times higher than in 2015.



    In addition to Energy World Corporation, which should commission a 4.1 bcm/year floating storage and regasification unit (FSRU) in Quezon by the end of 2017, several companies have expressed interest in developing LNG import terminals in the archipelago, including Manila Electric Company (talks with Osaka Gas have been suspended) and First Gen (plan for a US$1bn LNG import terminal). Shell, the operator of the Malampaya gas field, is also considering an FSRU in Batangas to inject gas in the Philippines transmission network as of 2021.

    Source(s): International press
  • 09/06/2017
    Electric cars gained momentum in 2016, reaching 2 million worldwide
  • Electricity - Technology

    According to the Global EV Outlook released by the International Energy Agency (IEA), the number of electric cars in the world rose by more than 750,000 in 2016 to 2 million.



    The growth was spurred by the Chinese market, with more than 300,000 new sales in 2016, accounting for more than 40% of the electric cars sold in the world. China is the global leader for electric vehicles, with more than 200 million electric two-wheelers and more than 300,000 electric buses. It is followed by the United States, with more than 150,000 new electric vehicles sold in 2016 and Norway (around 50,000 new sales in 2016). In Norway, electric cars had a 29% market share last year, the highest globally, followed by the Netherlands with 6.4%, and Sweden with 3.4%.



    Between 9 and 20 million electric car could be deployed by 2020, and between 40 and 70 million by 2025.

    Source(s): IEA press release
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